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Between puberty and menopause, women have regular menstruation (menstruation, menstruation) every month. Repeated ovulation and bleeding in a reproductive age woman on average 28 days menstrual cycle It called.
Although this cycle varies from person to person, Recurrence every 27-35 days must. A few days delays are considered normal. However, if it lasts more than a week, it may be indicative of different ailments.
Late bleeding is a term used for women who have menstrual period of 35 days or more. The first reason to come to mind in delays It is pregnancy. If pregnancy is not detected after the necessary tests, the causes should be investigated with different tests.
Irregularity may be due to very simple reasons and may be caused by important and therapeutic reasons.
- In the normal menstruation cycle, there is a delicate balance between the brain, uterus and ovaries. The insufficient levels of FSH and LH hormones secreted from the brain may cause this problem.
- If the adrenal glands are deficient or overworked, it triggers the problem.
- The prolactin hormone provides milk production during the postpartum period. The secretion of this hormone outside the breastfeeding period causes menstrual irregularities.
- Progesterone is secreted from the brain and is a very important hormone for women. Deficiency ovulation problems occur, and this situation oligomenorrhea (menstrual delay) is experienced.
Irregular Operation of Thyroid Glands
Researches pituitary, thyroid and ovaries It has shown that there is a relationship between. Over or under-functioning of the thyroid gland may disrupt this relationship and cause menstrual delays.
Thyroid gland disorders are usually goiter seen together. Goiter is not noticed in some women because it does not grow much. For this reason, thyroid glands should be examined together with sex hormones in menstrual irregularities.
Cystic structures in ovaries (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
Polycystic non-cancerous cells containing numerous small cysts ovarian It means. Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs when the vesicles in the ovaries do not crack and accumulate as cysts each time.
Progesterone secreted during the second period of ovulation It is the hormone that causes menstruation. Cystic structures lead to delays by lowering this hormone. After delays caused by syndrome, intense and prolonged bleeding may occur.
Chronic Diseases and Drug Use
Menstruation periods can be adversely affected by both chronic diseases and simple infections such as influenza.
celiac; formed in the small intestine against gluten protein in cereals allergic disorder. Menstrual irregularities are one of the symptoms of celiac disease.
Many drugs used may show side effects such as bleeding disorder. Starting a new drug, changing the dose of the drug may delay menstruation. Especially birth control pills, antidepressants, chemotherapy drugs trigger this problem.
Low Body Weight or Obesity
Sudden changes in body weight negatively affect menstrual periods. Lose weight or gain weight due to diet, illness etc. causes obesity, hormonal changes and causes oligomenorrhea.
If your body mass index is above 35%, adipose tissue and estrogen hormone will increase. In this case, menstrual periods are formed. Anorexia, which cannot eat, disrupts the spawning order because it causes rapid weight loss.
To maintain your health and prevent menstrual irregularities, you should maintain your ideal weight and mass index at normal intervals (18-24).
With the right diet you can take your weight to normal levels.
Stress hormone cortisol from the adrenal glands activates the defense mechanism in case of danger. This hormone also maintains the balance of the body when experiencing a sad event.
Cortisol hormone should be at certain levels during the day. When negative emotion changes in our lives become constant stress hormones disrupts the working order of our organs. This triggers many diseases and also negatively affects the menstruation cycle of women.
Menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, meaning that the menstrual period of women is completely over. Although three out of every hundred women enter menopause at an earlier age, this process may vary from person to person.
If bleeding is stopped before the age of 40 early menopause It called. One of the most important symptoms is menstrual irregularities and delays.
There are many answers to the question why menstrual is delayed. Breastfeeding mothers have normal menstrual delays. Especially mothers who regularly breastfeed their babies may experience this problem for up to a year.
Providing milk production during the postpartum period prolactin It is secreted. Increasing the amount of this secretion may reduce the egg cells and delay the period. At the end of about a year, this problem automatically disappears. Another point to be noted is that not every delay in this period is caused by breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding period and menstruation can watch our video.
Changes in Daily Life
Many women have certain working hours and sleep patterns. In our daily life, sometimes there may be changes that disrupt the routine. Cases such as moving to another city or country, going on holiday, changing working hours may affect the uterus and ovaries. menstrual period.
Each structure reacts differently to the changes encountered. This problem, which is usually non-permanent, will automatically disappear when the body adapts.
Intensive Sports and Exercise
Studies have shown that mild sports and exercises do not have a negative effect on the menstrual cycle. Experts say that the duration of menstruation may be prolonged according to the type and duration of the sport.
Women who have endurance and strength training experience this problem more often. Especially heavy athlete diets increase the likelihood of irregularities.
When Should I Worry?
Menstrual delay can be a symptom of serious health problems. Therefore, it is an issue to be considered. Although the symptoms vary from person to person, every woman may experience this problem from time to time.
If you have one or more of the following symptoms, you should consult a gynecologist and have the necessary tests done.
- Frequent menstrual delay,
- Timeless bleeding,
- Bleeding is very clot-shaped,
- Very long period of menstrual period,
- Pain, cramping, nausea and vomiting during menstruation
- Excessive fat and hair growth in the body,
Most of the time, spontaneous remedies may sometimes require surgical intervention or medication. Using herbs or medicines with ear-filled information can lead to serious problems without treatment.
Therefore menstrual reason is delayed should be informed about the answer to the question and necessarily seek help from specialist health institutions and doctors. Routine gynecological controls after a certain age should not be neglected.