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Recalling that pregnancy is a 40-week period from fertilization of the egg to birth, Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences and Head of the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics Prof.Dr. Dr. Nevin Şanlıer, yeterli In this period, adequate and balanced nutrition of the mother is very important for the health of the baby and mother to be born. The need for energy and nutrients increases in order for the healthy growth and development of the newborn, meeting the needs of the mother and preserving the nutrient stores. Failure to meet the growing need can lead to serious health problems such as growth retardation, premature or low birth birth, and anemia in the mother, bone loss and tooth loss. ”
Pregnant woman must meet the increasing energy requirement
In order to meet the needs of the baby and mother to be born and to preserve the nutrient stores, the energy needs of the pregnant woman increased. Dr. Er Carbohydrates are the most important energy source in the diet. In order to meet the increasing energy requirement during pregnancy, it is recommended that more than half of the dietary energy is supplied from carbohydrates. For this purpose, it is recommended that healthy foods containing complex carbohydrates such as whole grain products, legumes, vegetables and fruits should be consumed regularly. At least 5 servings of fresh vegetables and fruits should be consumed daily and dried legumes such as red beans, chickpeas and lentils should be used twice a week. Regular consumption of these foods, which are the best sources of pulp, will also prevent the occurrence of constipation problems frequently encountered during pregnancy. ”
Protein needs should be provided from animal-derived foods
The growing baby's body cells and the mother's body physiological changes that increase the need for protein that attracts attention. Dr. Er It is recommended to add protein-rich foods to the pregnant woman's diet in order to meet the increasing need. It is recommended that most of the protein requirement should be provided from foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, milk and products) that have higher usability in the body. ”
Importance of B12 and Folic Acid during pregnancy is important
With the increasing energy requirement in pregnancy, the need for B-group vitamins required for energy metabolism in the body is also increasing. Inadequate intake of folic acid in the first weeks of pregnancy adversely affects the development of the baby and may lead to permanent disorders in the baby. Adequate folic acid intake during pregnancy and pregnancy is extremely important for both infant and maternal health. The best sources of folic acid in the diet are legumes such as dried legumes, nuts, walnuts and dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach. Inadequate vitamin B12, which is found only in animal-derived foods, causes anemia and adversely affects the health of mother and baby.
Table salt enriched with iodine should be used
Iodine is another mineral that is frequently seen in our country and causes mental retardation in infants. It is recommended to use table salts enriched with iodine to ensure adequate iodine consumption. Keeping these salts in a place where they are not exposed to light and moisture, and adding them after cooking near or after cooking will reduce iodine loss.