New epidemic in summer: Hand foot mouth disease

New epidemic in summer: Hand foot mouth disease

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With the onset of summer, the disease has decreased, and we are facing an epidemic of infection that is more common in children. The most common name of this disease, which manifests itself with high fever, rash of hands and feet, aphthae-like sores in the mouth, is the common name of hand-foot-mouth disease. Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Specialist in Child Health and Diseases Follow-upWe learned from…

Coxsackie A, coxsackie B and enterovirus 71 viruses that cause hand and mouth disease cause epidemics in summer and autumn. This disease, which rarely occurs in adults, is more common in children under the age of 10 who attend nursery and school. Havu

With the beginning of the season, the disease becomes epidemic by ingestion of infected pond waters. Clinically; After a short incubation period of 4-6 days, high fever, aphthous-like sores occur on the tonsils, tongue and cheeks. There are red, sometimes fluid-filled, painful rashes on the palms and soles. Rarely, these rashes can occur in the legs, buttocks and genital organs.

The rashes resemble chickenpox but are smaller in size than chickenpox. These findings regress within a week. During this period, due to painful sores in the mouth, children cannot eat although they have appetite, they are recommended to eat mostly liquid foods such as soup, milk, and cool foods such as yogurt, which do not pain the mouth sores. Various sprays and desiccant lotions for rashes can be used to reduce the pain of intraoral wounds and accelerate healing time. Since the disease is a viral infection, there is no antibiotic treatment and heals after completing his course. There is no vaccine to prevent the disease. It can usually be transmitted by inhalation and mouth, by close contact with a person suffering from the disease, or by swallowing infected water (such as pool water).

Enteroviruses; Herpenjina (sudden onset fever, headache, vomiting, aphthous wounds in the mouth), acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (severe eye pain, inability to look at the light, blurred vision, watery eyes, red eye, swelling of the eyelid), pleurodynia (chest pain), bronchitis , laryngitis, diarrhea-vomiting, aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, myocarditis. However, these diseases are not as common as hand and mouth disease and do not cause outbreaks.

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